Reference list for The Campaign to Discredit MCS

The main document is located at www.eiwellspring.org/hist/CMA1990.htm  

Some internal industry documents were made public through court action or other means. They are available from depositories hosted by universities. The ones listed here are from PMDocs (pmdocs.com) and Industry documents (Industry documents.ucsf.edu).

 

ABQCC (Greater Albuquerque Chamber of Commerce). Chamber Alert, Multiple chemical sensitivity: when everything makes you sick, undated (1996).

Abrams, Herbert et al. Letter to Directors-General, World Health Organization, International Labor Office, United Nations Environment Program, and Director of International Program on Chemical Safety, April 17, 1996. (Later published in Archives of Environmental Health.)

ACSH. "Beware of doctors cashing in on environmental illness," warns scientific panel (press release), American Council on Science and Health, June 1993.

Angell, Marcia. Is academic medicine for sale?, New England Journal of Medicine, May 18, 2000.

Anonymous. Conclusions and recommendations of the workshop on multiple chemical sensitivities (MCS), February 21-23, 1996, Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology 24, S188-S189, 1996.

API (1990a). Perspective on Environmental Illness: an industry forum, (meeting invitation), American Petroleum Institute, 1990.

API (1990b). Perspective on “Environmental Illness”: an industry forum, Agenda, American Petroleum Institute, November 7-8, 1999. (Industry documents TI0139-0934.)

Ashford, Nicholas and Claudia Miller. Chemical exposures: low levels and high stakes (second edition), New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1998. (Out of print, but available as free download from University of Texas, San Antonio.)

Aspen program, 1994. First Annual Aspen Environmental Medical Conference ’94 (session list), September 8-10, 1994. (PMDocs 2057342447).

Aspen program, 1995. Second Annual Aspen Environmental Medical Conference September 7-9, 1995. (PMDocs).

Bailer, Josef et al. Trauma experience in individuals with idiopathic environmental intolerance and individuals with somatoform disorders, Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 63, 657-661, 2007.

Barrett, Stephen and Ronald Gots. Chemical sensitivity: the truth about environmental illness, Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books, 1998.

Barrett, Stephen. Unproven "Allergies": an epidemic of nonsense, American Council on Science and Health, 1993.

BCIA (Business Council on Indoor Air), 1991. Environmental Illness, April 1991. (Industry documents TI24422648).

BCIA (Business Council on Indoor Air), 1992. Minutes of meeting, board of directors, January 14, 1992 (Industry documents TI0084-1005).

Belkin, Lisa. Sufferers find haven from chemical world, The New York Times, December 2, 1990. (Front page).

Black, Donald, Ann Rathe, Rise Goldstein. Environmental illness a controlled study of 26 subjects with ‘20th century disease,’ Journal of the American Medical Association, December 26, 1990.

Blonien, Rodney (legislative secretary for governor George Deukmejian). Letter to MCS activist Susan Molloy, October 29, 1984.

BM (Burson Marsteller). Science and the law, fax to Philip Morris January 1990. (PMDocs 2021181255).

Bohme, Susanna Rankin, John Zorabedian and David Egilman. Maximizing profit and endangering health, International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, 11, 338-348, 2005.

Bosely, Sarah. Renowned cancer scientist was paid by chemical firm for 20 years, The Guardian, December 8, 2006.

Bovard James (1995a). The lame game, The American Spectator, July 1995.

Bovard, James. Get a whiff of this, Wall Street Journal, December 27, 1995.

Bovard James. MCS – a name still in search of a disease, Sacramento Bee, January 14, 1996.

Brandt, Allan M. The cigarette century, Philadelphia: Basic Books, 2007. Chapter 9.

Brennan, Troyen A. Buying editorials, New England Journal of Medicine, September 8, 1994.

Broder, Irvin, Robert McMurtry, Robert Peterson. Review of the Nova Scotia Environmental Health Centre, Nova Scotia Department of Health, November 11, 2000.

Broudy, Oliver. The sensitives: the rise of environmental illness and the search for America’s last pure place, New York: Simon & Schuster, 2020.

Busico, Michalene. Nurturing the natural lifestyle, San Jose Mercury News, December 6, 1990.

Calhoun, Amanda. Provide appropriate mental-health care, TIME, May 24, 2021.

California Legislature. Assembly Bill 3587, introduced February 17, 1984.

Cammer, Paul (president of BCIA). Letter to Leonora Guarraia, U.S. Housing and Urban Development, February 6, 1992.

Carruthers, Garrey and Herman Staudenmayer. Chemical sensitivities: know facts, Las Cruces Sun News, June 24, 1996.

Carruthers, Garrey and Herman Staudenmayer. Analyze syndrome before making policy, Albuquerque Journal, July 6, 1996.

Carter, Bill (1996a). ABC charged in secret taping, New York Times, October 28, 1996.

Carter, Bill (1996b). Stossel case to be dropped, New York Times, December 7, 1996.

Castleman, Barry. Asbestos: medical and legal aspects (4th edition), Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Aspen Law and Business, 1996.

Catalyst. CBS story misleads public, Catalyst (TASSC newsletter), Spring 1995. (PMDocs).

Champagne, Denise. Cases like Misuraca's coming to light across America, The Leader, (Corning, NY), April 8, 1990.

Consumer Reports. The ACSH: forefront of science, or just a front? Consumer Reports, May 1994.

CMAJ. Scent-free policies generally unjustified, Canadian Medical Association Journal, April 5, 2011

Credon, Karen. "Environmental illness" briefing paper, Chemical Manufacturers Association, 1990.

Davidoff A.L. et al. Development of multiple chemical sensitivities in laborers after acute gasoline fume exposure in an underground tunneling operation, Archives of Environmental Health, May-June, 1998.

Davis, Earon. Letter in the Human Ecology Study Group newsletter, October 1990.

Davis, Devra. When smoke ran like water: tales of environmental deception and the battle against pollution, New York: Basic Books, 2002.

Dolin, L.H. How to marshal the power of the Americans with Disabilities Act to minimize your company’s exposure to liability to individuals seeking accommodations for “multiple chemical sensitivity disabilities.” Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology, 24, S168-S181, 1996.

Donnay, Albert. Letter to Lawrence Ebner of McKenna & Cuneo (law firm), September 21, 1996.

Donnay, Albert. Junk science meets junk journalism, American Public Health Association annual meeting, November 11, 1997.

Donohue, Christine (Philip Morris). Memo re: Walter Williams, October 29, 1993. (PMDocs 2023375339).

E magazine. Environmental illnesses finally acknowledged, September/October 1990.

Ebner, Lawrence (law firm of McKenna & Cuneo). Letter to Albert Donnay of MCS Referral & Resources, September 12, 1996.

EI Wellspring. How opponents of MCS and EHS created the term Idiopathic Environmental Intolerance, www.eiwellspring.org, 2020.

Epstein, Keith. $1.8 million buys 11 units for 'sensitive' Californians, Cleveland Plain Dealer, July 10, 1994.

ESRI (undated 1). What is idiopathic environmental intolerances? (formerly known as ecological illness/multiple chemical sensitivities), Environmental Sensitivities Research Institute (published 1997 or later).

ESRI (undated 2). The facts about multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS), American Academy of Family Physicians Foundation (actually: Environmental Sensitivities Research Institute), undated.

FAIR (Fairness and Accuracy In Reporting). Stossel fabricated data on organics, researchers say, August 1, 2000.

Foreman, Judy. Disease du jour, Boston Globe, June 3, 1996.

Garloch, Karen. Invisible illnesses, Chicago Tribune, July 8, 1998.

Givhan, Robin. More people are turning up their noses at chemical-laden fragrances, Chicago Tribune, April 17, 1990.

Goad, Meredith. Sickness caused by fumes, workers say, Portland Press Herald, December 10, 1990.

Goering, Laurie. Allergies just start with pollen for some, Chicago Tribune, July 20, 1991.

Gots, Ronald et al. (1993a). Multiple chemical sensitivities: a symposium on the state of the science, Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology, 18, 1993.

Gots, Ronald (1993b). Hypothesis and practice: autointoxication and MCS. Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology, 18, 2-12, 1993.

Gots (1993c). Multiple Chemical Sensitivity, Indoor Environment 93 Conference Proceedings, 1993.

Gots, Ronald. Multiple chemical sensitivities: distinguishing between psychogenic and toxicodynamic, Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology, 24, S8-S15, 1996.

Gots, Ronald. Multiple chemical sensitivities, Hippocrates’ Lantern, 4, 3, 1997.

Greene, Gayle. A tale of two scientists: doctor Alice Stewart and Sir Richard Doll, in:  Corporate ties that bind, Martin J. Walker (editor), New York: Skyhorse Publishing, 2017.

Grossman, Karl. Victor Neufeld's anti-environmental spin continues, Extra! Update, Fairness and accuracy in reporting, June 1994.

Grow, Doug. The nose knows, Chicago Tribune, July 8, 1998.

Hale, Kathleen. Allergic to life: the Arizona residents 'sensitive to the whole world,' The Guardian, July 11, 2016.

Hall, Stephen. People live in houses with aluminum foil, wear gas masks in public, and shun newspapers, deodorants, and most things man-made. They’re crazy right? Health, May/June 1993.

Hamilton, Denise. Your perfume is making them sick: overwhelmed by the scents of chemicals in products and in the air, some activists are leading the push for a more fragrance-free environment, Los Angeles Times, December 15, 1994.

Harrison. November 1992 Activities, E. Bruce Harrison Company (tobacco PR company), December 10, 1992. (Industry documents Library at UCSF 51142 0996, RJ0186LAZ).

Hembree, Diana and Sarah Henry. Baffling ills hit 'Silicon Valley' workers, The Arizona Republic (News America Syndicate), December 14, 1986.

Hembree, Diana and Sarah Henry. The mystery disease of Silicon Valley, Sacramento Bee, December 21, 1986.

Hileman, Bette. Multiple chemical sensitivity, Chemical and Engineering News, July 22, 1991.

Hilts, Philip. Company spent $1 million to put cigarettes in movies, memos show, New York Times, May 20, 1994.

Holm, Stewart (1990). MCS workshop participant recommendations, December 10, 1990. (Industry documents TI0139-0640).

Holm, Sewart (1991). NAS workshop on “multiple chemical hypersensitivity,” March 26, 1991. (Industry documents TI0139-1819).

Hu, Howard and Carnelia Baines. Recent insights into 3 underrecognized conditions, Canadian Family Physician, 64, June 2018.

Huber, Peter (1991a). Junk science in the courtroom, Forbes, July 8, 1991.

Huber, Peter (1991b). Galileo’s Revenge: junk science in the courtoom, BasicBooks, 1991.

Huckabee, Kathy. Neurotoxic chemicals hazardous to health, Prescott Sun, June 22, 1990.

Huggins, Tony (2001a). Reimbursement request for expenditures “ESRI Research Support II,” Tony Huggins, Oct 26, 2001. (PMDocs 2085540405).

Huggins, Tony (2001b). First quarter reimbursement request “ESRI Research Support II”, Tony Huggins, Nov 9, 2001. (PMDocs 2085540402).

ICMJE. Recommendations for the conduct, reporting, editing and publication of scholarly work in medical journals, International Committee of Medical Journal Editors, 2019.

IE (Indoor Environment). Multiple Chemical Sensitivity, Ronald Gots, Indoor Environment ’93 Proceedings. (PMDocs 2046062816).

Indoor Air Review. Business and medical community form IAQ coalition, Indoor Air Review, March 1992. (PMDocs 2072552248).

IPCS, Report of multiple chemical sensitivities (MCS) workshop, Berlin, Germany, 21-23 February 1996, International Programme on Chemical Safety, unedited. (Never officially published due to scientific controversy).

Kadow, Joseph. From cigarettes to perfume, movement to limit choice attacks personal freedom, Restaurant News, April 13, 1998 (PMDocs).

Kaiser, Jocelyn. Tobacco consultants find letters lucrative, Science, August 14, 1998.

Kanamine, Linda. House arrest for chemical sensitivity, Marin Independent Journal/ Gannett News Service, July 22, 1990.

Kipen, Howard and Nancy Fiedler. The role of environmental factors in medically unexplained symptoms and related syndromes: conference summary and recommendations, Environmental Health Perspectives, 110, Supp. 4, August 2002.

LA Times. L. A. Woman gets $75,000 for Bloomingdale's spritz, Los Angeles Times, November 17, 1989.

Ladou, Joseph et al. American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine (ACOEM): a professional association in service to industry, International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, 13, 404-426, 2007.

Laneri, Raquel. Millions of Americans believe they are allergic to modern life, New York Post,

July 4, 2020.

Lipson, Juliene. Multiple chemical sensities: stigma and social experiences, Medical Anthropology Quarterly, vol 18, 2, 200-213, 2004.

Litweiler, John. Allergic to life, Chicago Tribune, March 11, 1990.

Logue, Mayada. Trip report: symposium on multiple chemical sensitivities, Philip Morris inter-office, November 24, 1992. (Available in PMDocs depository 202499241).

Mansfield, Gordon (Assistan Secretary, HUD). Letter to Paul Cammer (BCIA), September 6, 1991.

MBD (1991). Issue analysis: indoor air pollution status as of December 9, 1991, Mongoven, Biscoe and Duchin Inc, 1991. (PMDocs 2026092146).

MBS (Multinational Business Services). Invoice detailing anti-BAQA lobbying, April 1995. (PMDocs 2073710212).

McCampbell, Ann. Industry muddies water on syndrome (op-ed), Albuquerque Journal, July 19, 1996.

McCampbell, Ann. Multiple chemical sensitivity under siege, Townsend Letter for Doctors and Patients, January 2001.

McFarling, Usha Lee. Military launches assault on mysterious Gulf War ailments, Boston Globe, March 14, 1994.

McGarity, Thomas and Wendy Wagner. Bending science: how special interests corrupt public health research, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2008.

McIntyre, Mike. Canaries in a coal mine, San Diego Union, January 1, 1992.

MCSRR, 1995a. Memorandum to planning committee, MCS: State of the science symposium, MCS Referral and Resources, June 6, 1995.

MCSRR, 1995b. Memorandum for public release, MCS Referral and Resources, June 6, 1995.

MCSRR, 1995c. Multiple chemical sensitivities: state of the science symposium – undisclosed conflicts of interest among co-sponsors, staff and speakers, MCS Referral and Resources, undated (1995).

Meggs, William. History of the rise and fall of environmental medicine in the United States, Ecopsychology ,9, June 2017.

Merlo, Ellen (Senior VP of Philip Morris). Letter asking people to contact Congress to oppose EPA’s BAQA program, April 20, 1995. (PMDocs 2044020959).

Metzl, Jonathan. The protest psychosis: how schizophrenia became a black disease, Boston: Beacon Press, 2009.

Michaels, David. Doubt is their product, New York: Oxford University Press, 2008.

Michaels, David. The triumph of doubt, New York: Oxford University Press, 2020.

Minton, Torri. Allergic to the whole world, San Francisco Chronicle, February 27, 1990.

Monell. Monell Center website section for "Support & Sponsorship," accessed January 2020.

Moore, Kate. The radium girls: the dark story of America’s shining women, Naperville, IL: Sourcebooks, 2017.

Morris, Joan. Alway allergies, The Times (California). June ?, 1990.

Needleman, Herbert L. Salem comes to the National Institutes of Health: Notes from inside the crucible of scientific integrity, Pediatrics, 90, 977-981, 1992.

Nelson, Eric and Mark Worth. Boeing to ill workers: “it’s all in your head,” Washington Free Press, February-March 1994.

Nieder, Joseph. Evaluation and treatment of allergic disorders in children: a psychiatric perspective, in: Psychobiologiecal aspects of allergic disorders, Stuart Young, James Rubin and Harlan Daman (editors), New York: Prager Publishers 1986.

Noonan, David. A pain in the brain, Scientific American, December 2015.

NYT (1990). Environmental illnesses disputed: condition’s symptoms are probably mental disorders, researchers say, New York Times, December 26, 1990.

O’Mahony, John. Group senses a stink ahead, New York Post, May 8, 1995. (PMDocs).

O’Rourke, Meghan. The invisible kingdom: reimagining chronic illness, New York: Riverhead Books, 2022.

Oreskes, Naomi and Erik M. Conway. Merchants of doubt, New York: Bloomsbury Press, 2010.

Orne, Thomas and Paul Benedetti (Stephen Barrett, editor). Multiple chemical sensitivity, American Council on Science and Health, 1991/1993.

Parrish, Steven (General Counsel & Senior VP at Philip Morris). Letter to Peter Huber, August 25, 1993. (PMDocs 2023373643).

Perlman, David. Protesters disrupt allergy conference, San Francisco Chronicle, November 10, 1990.

Petrina, Michael Jr. (VP of The Cosmetic, Toiletry, and Fragrance Association), letter to New Mexico Legislative Counsel C/O Phil Lynch, October 22, 1996.

Philip Morris, 1997. Public and workplace smoking restrictions briefing book, Philip Morris tobacco company, 1997 (approximately). (PMDocs 2065243065).

PM associate (Philip Morris unnamed associate). Environmental Medicine Conference in Colorado (trip report memo), September 15, 1995. (PMDocs).

PM associate (Philip Morris unnamed associate). Summary of ASTM 1996 Johnson Conference: Indoor Air Quality: A Critical Evaluation of the Science and the Art, July 7-11, 1996 (trip report memo). (PMDocs).

Rachel (Rachel's Environmental & Health Weekly). Corporate manipulation of scientific evidence linking chemical exposures to human disease: a case in point – cigarette science at Johns Hopkins, October 19, 1995.

Ranalli, Ralph. SJC tells judges to evaluate experts, Boston Globe, August 20, 2000.

Ratliff, David. Black lung disease is still killing miners. The coal industry won’t hear it, the Guardian, December 13, 2018.

Reactor. The Chemical Manufacturers Association ENVIRONMENTAL ILLNESS BRIEFING PAPER, The Reactor, fall 1990.

Reactor. Dr. Dean: Still shooting fish in a barrel, The New Reactor, July/August 1994.

Reinhold, Robert. When life is toxic, The New York Times Magazine, September 16, 1990.

Rhodes, Denise. Comments for the legislative education study committee, November 18, 1996.

Richard, Cindy Lynn (ESRI employee). Letter to Eric Dibner, The Governor’s Committee on Concerns for the Handicapped (New Mexico), June 19, 1996.

Risk Policy Report (1995a). New multiple chemical sensitivities research group formed, Risk Policy Report, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, June 16, 1995.

Risk Policy Report (1995b). Sparks fly over upcoming multiple chemical sensitivity symposium, Risk Policy Report, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, October 20, 1995.

Risotto, Stephen and Steward Holm. Multiple chemical sensitivities: public policy issues, Business Council on Indoor Air. Presented November 8, 1990 at American Petroleum Institute’s Perspective on Environmental Illness: an industry forum. (Industry documents TI0139-0920).

Rivera, Madeline. My Story: HEALed part 2, Ecologic News (Tucson HEAL group newsletter), Summer 2020.

Sanger, David. High-tech clean industry? Some say that’s myth, New York Times and Sacramento Bee, December 17, 1984.

Scalia, Eugene. OSHA’s ergonomics litigation record – three strikes and it’s out, Policy analysis, Cato Institute, May 15, 2000.

Smith, Christina. Living with environmental illness, Bay Times, December 1990.

Smith, Richard. Conflicts of interest: how money clouds objectivity, Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 99, June 2006.

Smith, Rick and Bruce Lourie. Slow death by rubber duck, Counterpoint Press, 2009.

SourceWatch. A project of the non-profit organization Center for Media and Democracy. Their website has articles about industry fron groups, etc.

Spangler, Todd. Reporter, 4 others accused of illegal tape recordings, The Sacramento Bee (Associated Press), October 19, 1996.

Sparks, P.J. et al. An outbreak of illness among aerospace workers, Western Journal of Medicine 153, 28-33, July 1990.

Staudenmayer, H., M. E. Selner, J. C. Selner. Adult sequelae of childhood abuse presenting as environmental illness, Annals of Allergy, December 7, 1993.

Staudenmayer, Herman. Multiple chemical sensitivities or idiopathic environmental intolerances: Psychophysiologic foundation of knowledge for a psychogenic explanation (editorial), Journal of Clinical Immunology, April 1997.

Symposium Agenda. Multiple chemical sensitivities: State of the science symposium, The International Society of Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology, Johns Hopkins University/NIOSH, National Medical Advisory Service, 1995.

Svoboda, Terese. Every breath she takes, Utne Reader, March-April 1997.

Toufexis, Anastasia et al. Got that stuffy, run-down feeling?, TIME, June 6, 1988.

TASSC. Annual report, The Advancement of Sound Science Coalition, Steven Milloy (executive director), January 7, 1998. Internal document available at www.industry documents.ussf.edu.

Teichman, Ronald (book reviews editor), Book Reviews, Toxic Risks: science, regulation and perception, reviewed by John Vena, Journal of Occupational Medicine, 1994.

Terr, Abba. Environmental illness: a clinical review of 50 cases, Archives of Internal Medicine 146, 145-149, 1986.

Terr, Abba. "Multiple chemical sensitivities:" immunologic critique of clinical ecology theories and practice, Occupational Medicine: State of the Art Reviews, Vol 2, No, October-December 1987.

Terr, Abba. Clinical ecology in the workplace, Journal of Occupational Medicine, February 28, 1989.

Twombly, Renee. MCS: a sensitive issue. Environmental Health Perspectives, 102, September 1994. (see sidebar: Gulf War Veterans.)

Van Voren. On dissidents and madness: from the Soviet Union of Leonid Brezhnev to the “Soviet Union” of Vladimir Putin, New York: Rodopi Amsterdam, 2009.

Voorhees, Ronald. Information on Multiple Chemical Sensitivity (MCS), letter to Joe Thompson, Office of the Governor, March 18, 1998.

Wallace, Amy. The last resort, Los Angeles Times, July 5, 1990.

Weidenfeller, George (HUD deputy general counsel). Multiple chemical sensitivity disorder and environmental illness as handicaps, U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, April 1992.

Williams, Walter. A smell of tyranny in the air of activists, The Washington Times, January 17, 1996.

Wilson, John. Gots misrepresents workshop conclusions on internet, Our Toxic Times, May 1996.

Witorsch, Philip (1992a). Does environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) cause adverse health effects in susceptible individuals? A critical review of the literature: I. respiratory disorders, atopic allergy and related conditions, Environmental Technology, 13, 4, 1992.

Witorsch, Philip (1992b). Letter to Robert Flaak, Assistant Staff Director, U.S. EPA Science Advisory Board, July 8, 1992. Letter states both Philip and Raphael Witorsch are consultants to the Tobacco Institute. (PMDocs).

Witorsch, Philip (circa 1991). DRAFT – DO NOT CIRCULATE EXCEPT AS AUTHORIZED, Individuals with “Multiple Chemical Sensitivities Syndrome,” draft of (Witorsch 1992a) circulated at Philip Morris tobacco company, (PMDocs 2024697831-37).

Wysham, Daphne. Canaries in a coal mine, San Francisco Bay Guardian, July 4, 1990.

Ziman, Barry (legislative Representative for Chemical Specialties Manufacturer’s Association), letter to Eric Dibner chair of Governor’s Committee on Concerns of the Handicapped, July 1, 1996.

2017 (updated 2022)